To get a really tasty and fragrant drink
In order for tea to give maximum of its aroma and multifaceted taste, it must be properly brewed. The brewing technology always depends on the type and type of tea, that is, on where the tea leaf was collected and how it was processed.
I’ll tell you about the secrets of brewing tea of the most popular varieties.
Do not pour boiling water or insist too long
Green tea is made from tea leaves, which are dried immediately after harvest. When brewing, the infusion becomes transparent and has a yellowish-green tint.
The taste of classic green tea can be felt shades of flowers, nuts and light astringency. If you feel a pleasant sweetness, this is a really good variety. If you distinguish the taste of hay or even fish, the drink is of poor quality. Tobacco notes indicate that the leaves are old.
How to brew. The brewing technique for different varieties of green tea is different, but there are general recommendations. Water temperature should be 80–85 ° С - leaves cannot be poured with boiling water. In a classic ceremony, green tea is brewed in straits for 10–20 seconds. After the first brewing, the infusion is drained, and after the next they drink. Green tea can withstand up to 12 brews using this method.
The spring, the most tender and the most picky tea
White tea is made from unblown buds and young tea leaves. This type of tea is produced only in China and using a special technology, so a quality drink is quite expensive - more expensive than regular green tea.
The most valuable white tea is Bai Hao Yin Zhen, and after it Bai Mu Dan. These varieties have a very noble mild taste and pleasant aroma, which are difficult to compare with ordinary green tea.
How to brew. For brewing, I recommend using porcelain ware - in it the aroma can fully reveal. Water must be clean and fresh. The optimum temperature for brewing is 60–75 ° С. For 150 ml of water you need to use 4-5 g of tea. The first brewing takes 5-10 seconds, and after it you can immediately drink tea. With each subsequent time, you need to increase by about 10-15 seconds. White tea can withstand up to 5-10 brews.
The rarest type of Chinese tea. We recommend experimenting with brewing time.
Outwardly, yellow tea is not much different from green tea, but when tasting, the difference becomes obvious. The taste and aroma of the drink are richer and brighter: it combines floral tenderness and subtle smoky notes that appear due to the fact that the leaves are fried.
In China, yellow teas are among the elite, because for their manufacture they also use only buds and young leaves of tea bushes - they are collected exclusively by hand.
How to brew. Yellow very picky about brewing - do not pour boiling water over it. The optimum water temperature is 70–80 ° С. 4 ml of tea are usually taken per 100 ml of water. The taste largely depends on the brewing time - yellow tea is usually brewed for 15-20 seconds. The longer you brew tea, the more intense and tart taste you can get. I recommend experimenting with different times to find a taste that you like.
Beat whisk while brewing
Matcha is Japanese green tea ground to a powder state. Up to 80% of this tea is sold in Japan and only 20% is exported. That is why real match tea is quite difficult to find.
The highest grades of this tea have a sweet taste and rich aroma. The most expensive ones have a more refreshing taste with a slight bitterness and herbal aroma.
How to brew. The powder is usually poured with water at a temperature of 80–85 ° C. For a strong drink take 4 g of powder per 50 ml of water, for a milder taste - 2 g per 50 ml of water. The main secret is that the powder in water needs to be whipped with a whisk or mixed thoroughly to get a drink of the correct consistency.
Take into account the type of puer when brewing
Puer are divided into two broad categories: Shu Puer and Shen Puer.
Shen Puer is a raw Puer. It is created from fresh tea leaves, collected, dried and most often pressed. During storage, fermentation takes place in the tea, which gives the tea an unusual aroma. The minimum aging time of shen puer is two years, but tea of five years old and older is considered the most delicious. By this time, primary bitterness is leaving him, the color from light green goes almost to black, a moist earthy aftertaste appears.
Shu puer is the same puer, but aged. Fermentation is carried out using a special technology developed in the seventies of the last century. Due to the accelerated fermentation, the drink has a richer taste, which combines notes of wood bark, nuts, dried fruits and chocolate. The finish is sweetish - honey.
How to brew. Puer brewed in a hundred different ways, but I'll talk about the classic. For 100-150 ml of water I recommend using 3-5 g of tea. If your puer is pressed and not loose, you just need to cut a small piece from the bar. The water temperature for Shen Puer is not more than 85 ° C, for Shu Puer - up to 98 ° C. Be sure to rinse the tea: fill it with water for 5 seconds and drain the infusion. The first brewing lasts 10 seconds, after which you can increase the duration by 15 seconds with each subsequent brewing. Good puer can be brewed up to ten times.
You can brew boiling water
There has always been a little confusion with black tea. Black tea is called according to European classification. Most often these are tea bushes that grow in India, Sri Lanka or Kenya. The well-known elephant tea, for example, is Indian Assam black tea. In China, the classification is different: here a similar tea is called red - by the color of the infusion.
Black tea has a tart taste, which appears due to the special processing of tea leaves. Black tea is fermented much stronger than green tea, and in the process essential oils are released, which provide a bright aroma of black tea.
How to brew. For 150-200 ml, 3-5 grams of leaves are usually taken. I recommend to pour the teapot with hot water before brewing so that it warms up. After the first brewing, it is better to drain the infusion - it is needed to rinse the tea. After the second brewing, you can drink the drink. Brew black tea from 10-15 seconds to several minutes. The strength of the drink depends on the time of brewing - the longer, the more tart the tea will be.
Oolong tea is a cross between black and green tea. Not the whole sheet is subjected to fermentation, but only its edges and partially the surface. It affects the taste of tea.
Oolongs are light and dark. The former are often confused with green teas, the latter with black. Oolong tea is a separate type of tea.
Due to the abundance of oolongs, it is difficult to talk about taste. So, in bright oolongs, floral taste and aroma may prevail. In the dark - a spicy aroma with cognac shades and smoky notes.
In addition, oolongs are often complemented by other flavors. For example, ginseng or osmanthus is added. To find your favorite taste, you may have to try several dozen types of oolong.
How to brew. Brewing methods differ depending on the type of tea and your preferences, but there are a few general rules. The water temperature for light oolongs is 85 ° С, for dark oolongs - 95 ° С. Before welding, the dishes must be rinsed with hot water to warm them up. The first infusion is always drained, after which the leaves are brewed again and insisted for about 15 seconds. Oolong tea can be re-brewed several times, increasing the brewing time. Each time the taste of tea will change.
Which tea to choose
- Green , if you appreciate the tart taste, close to the aroma of fresh tea leaves.
- White if you want to try really good tea. This is an elite variety, the youngest leaves of the tea bush and buds, which differ in a delicate aroma, are used for its production.
- Yellow if you value an unusual aroma. This tea has a slightly smoked taste, which is obtained due to the fact that the leaves are heated very much in a special oven.
- Puer , if you want to touch the story. This is one of the oldest types of tea with a unique earthy taste and a touch of wood bark.
- Black , if you appreciate the classic bright taste. This tart drink is suitable for cold winter and autumn evenings, invigorates and warms.
- Oolong , if you like to experiment and create new tastes. It’s difficult to find two similar oolongs, so each one will be a taste discovery for you.